morphology of a venomous snake: head
Venomous snake: it defends itself by injecting often deadly venom; there are about 400 species.
Highly mobile bone of the upper jaw allowing the snake to swallow large prey.
Each of the overlapping small hard thin plates covering the snake’s body.
Protective sheath located in front of the glottis into which the tongue retracts.
Elongated movable forked mouthpart having olfactory, tactile and gustatory functions; it is not used to ingest food.
Hard pointy structure that curves backward and is fixed to the jaws; it grows continually and is used to immobilize prey but not to chew.
Opening in the respiratory system located in the lower portion of the buccal cavity, through which air circulates.
Organ producing an acidic secretion made of venom; it is attached to the fang.
Large curved tooth located on the maxilla and connected to the venom gland; it allows the snake to grab its prey to inject it with venom.
Tube carrying venom from the venom gland to the venom canal.
Hollow fissure in the fang allowing venom to be injected by biting.
Sensory organ forming a cavity between the eye and the nostril; it allows the snake to sense variations in temperature and to locate its prey.
Organ of sight covered with a transparent scale; it has a wide field of vision and mainly perceives motion and colors.
Oval and vertical opening of the eye, especially adapted to the dark; image-producing light enters through it.
External orifice of the nasal cavity located above the mouth and having olfactory and respiratory functions.
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