Part of the probe that flies over a celestial body before placing itself in orbit around the latter and studying it; the two Viking orbiters were launched in 1975.
Machine that burns a liquid fuel mixture, thereby providing thrust.
Instrument that serves to direct the probe, in Viking’s case pointing it toward the star Canopus.
Power supply device that converts solar energy into immediately usable electrical energy.
infrared thermal mapper
Instrument used to analyze the surface and atmosphere of a celestial body by measuring its temperature variations.
Captures thousands of images, thereby providing an overall view of the celestial body.
attitude control thruster
Small rocket engine that directs the orbiter to the desired position.
low gain antenna
Secondary antenna used to communicate with Earth when the high gain antenna cannot be used.
high gain antenna
Principal antenna pointed toward Earth to transmit large quantities of scientific data as well as photographs.