structure of the Sun 
From the center to the periphery are the core, the radiation and convection zones, the photosphere, the chromosphere and the corona.
Violent projection of extremely hot gas into space, provoking polar auroras on Earth a few days later.
Luminous region of the photosphere.
A narrow jet of gas in the form of a plume observed in the solar chromosphere.
Visible surface of the Sun, with a temperature of 10,000°F.
The outermost layer of the solar atmosphere, visible in the form of a halo during a total eclipse; corona temperatures can reach 1,800,000°F.
Gas that erupts from the chromosphere and solar corona, contrasting with the darkness of space.