writing instruments 
The first true writing instruments were made by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia nearly 5,000 years ago.
Pencil made of lead with a decorative end; it was first used in the Middle Ages and was later replaced by the graphite lead pencil.
Curved point mounted on a handle; it is dipped in an inkwell to write.
Pointed instrument used by the ancient Greeks to etch wax tablets; the flattened end was used to erase etching.
Large feather with a hollow stalk (calamus) that is sharpened to a point and dipped in ink to write; it was used in the Middle Ages.
Instrument that was used from antiquity through the Middle Ages to write on papyrus and parchment; it remains the traditional instrument of Arabic calligraphy.
Egyptian reed pen
Small reed that is sharpened to a point and used to draw hieroglyphics on clay tablets or to write in ink on papyrus.
Natural or synthetic bristles set into a handle and dipped in ink to write; it has been used for Chinese calligraphy for 4,000 years.