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Africaclick to hear

Continent that represents about 20% of the world’s land; two-thirds of its surface lies north of the Equator. Characterized by very hot climates, Mediterranean in the north and south, tropical and arid elsewhere.
Africa Lake Tanganyika Lake Victoria Gulf of Aden Red Sea Nile Lake Chad Mediterranean Sea Sahara Desert Atlas Mountains Tropic of Cancer Senegal River Niger River Gulf of Guinea Equator Congo River Atlantic Ocean Tropic of Capricorn Namib Desert Kalahari Desert Cape of Good Hope Madagascar Mozambique Channel Indian Ocean Lake Malawi

Lake Tanganyika click to hear

The world’s deepest lake (4,710 feet) after Lake Baikal; it empties into the Congo River.

Lake Victoria click to hear

Africa’s largest lake (26,000 mi2) is relatively shallow; it is bordered by Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania.

Gulf of Aden click to hear

Northwestern arm of the Indian Ocean between southern Saudi Arabia and northeastern Africa; it connects to the Red Sea through the strait of Bab El Mandeb.

Red Sea click to hear

Gulf (165,000 mi2) located between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula; it connects to the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal.

Nile click to hear

The world’s longest river (4,150 mi) is known for its summer flooding.

Lake Chad click to hear

Large lake, shallow and marshy, the vestige of what was once a sea; it continues to diminish in size and could one day dry up.

Mediterranean Sea click to hear

One of the largest inland seas in the world (965,000 mi2); it lies between Europe, Africa and Asia and connects to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar.

Sahara Desert click to hear

Largest desert in the world (3 million mi2); it covers one-quarter of Africa.

Atlas Mountains click to hear

Mountain chain composed of several ranges; it extends from Tunisia to Morocco, where Jebel Toubkal is its highest peak (13,665 feet).

Tropic of Cancer click to hear

Parallel located at 23°26' N latitude (a distance of about 1,600 mi from the Equator).

Senegal River click to hear

River (1,050 mi) forming the boundary between Senegal and Mauritania; it empties into the Atlantic.

Niger River click to hear

Africa’s third longest river (2,600 mi) after the Nile and the Congo.

Gulf of Guinea click to hear

Gulf extending from Ivory Coast to Gabon; its waters are warm.

Equator click to hear

Imaginary circle surrounding Earth at its widest circumference, dividing it into two hemispheres: the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

Congo River click to hear

Second longest river in Africa (2,850 mi) and the world’s second river in size of drainage basin and volume of flow.

Atlantic Ocean click to hear

The world’s second largest ocean; it covers 20% of the Earth’s surface.

Tropic of Capricorn click to hear

Parallel located at 23°26' S latitude (a distance of about 1,600 mi from the Equator).

Namib Desert click to hear

Arid region extending 1,250 mi along the Atlantic coast. Frequent fog brings the equivalent of 2 in of annual rainfall.

Kalahari Desert click to hear

Semiarid region bordering the Namib Desert; the north is marshy while the south is characterized by very sparse vegetation.

Cape of Good Hope click to hear

Former island now connected to the continent by a ridge of sand; located only 90 mi to the west of Africa’s southernmost point.

Madagascar click to hear

Island (1,000 mi long); because it is isolated off the coast of Africa, Madagascar’s flora and fauna are unique.

Mozambique Channel click to hear

Arm of the Indian Ocean between the African continent and Madagascar.

Indian Ocean click to hear

Relatively small ocean (29 million mi2) located between Africa, Asia and Australia; it has high water temperatures and is dotted with numerous islands.

Lake Malawi click to hear

Lake shared by Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique; it is 310 mi long and 30 mi wide.