The largest and most populous continent, Asia represents 32% of the world’s land; it is dominated by imposing mountain ranges.
The world’s largest lake (140,000 mi2), located between Europe and Asia; it has no link to an ocean and is diminishing in size.
Inland sea (162,000 mi2) between Eastern Europe and Asia; it opens into the Mediterranean through two straits, the Dardanelles and the Bosporus.
Gulf (165,000 mi2) located between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula; it connects to the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal.
Gulf of Aden
Northwestern arm of the Indian Ocean between southern Saudi Arabia and northeastern Africa; it connects to the Red Sea through the strait of Bab El Mandeb.
Vast semiarid peninsula; it holds 50% of the world’s oil supply.
Gulf (500 mi long) bordered by Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq; it is also called the Arabian Gulf and is an important maritime trade route.
Relatively small ocean (29 million mi2) located between Africa, Asia and Australia; it has high water temperatures and is dotted with numerous islands.
The world’s highest mountain range; it contains some ten peaks above 26,000 feet, including Everest (29,035 feet).
Gulf of Oman
The narrowest part of the Arabian Sea; it connects to the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz.
Area of the Indian Ocean between India and the Arabian Peninsula; the Gulf of Oman is an arm of the Arabian Sea.
Bay of Bengal
Area of the Indian Ocean between India and the Indochinese Peninsula; the Ganges River empties into this bay through the world’s largest delta.
Archipelago with almost 14,000 islands extending 3,100 mi from west to east; it is the world’s most active volcanic zone.
South China Sea
Southern part of the China Sea bordering the entire southeast coast of Asia as well as Borneo, the Philippines and Taiwan.
Archipelago with more than 7,000 islands and islets; two principal islands (Luzon and Mindanao) make up 70% of its territory.
East China Sea
Area of the China Sea between Korea, the Ryukyu Islands (south of Japan) and Taiwan.
Peninsula that delimits the Sea of Japan; its climate is marked by monsoons in summer and typhoons in the fall.
Archipelago made up of 1,000 islands, including four main islands that represent 95% of its territory; it is characterized by intense volcanic activity and frequent earthquakes.
The world’s largest ocean (69 million mi2), the Pacific covers 30% of the Earth’s surface, more than all of the continents put together.
Sea of Japan (East Sea)
Area of the Pacific Ocean that separates Japan from the Asian mainland; it is divided into a warm region and a cold region.
Peninsula (12,000 mi2) on the Bering Sea; it is characterized by intense volcanic activity.
The world’s oldest (25 million years) and deepest (5,315 feet) lake; Lake Baikal is 370 mi long and 40 to 50 mi wide and is frozen six months of the year.
One of the largest deserts in the world (400,000 mi2), shared by China and Mongolia; the Gobi is a plateau situated at an elevation of about 3,300 feet.
Sea once connected to the Caspian Sea; it is now an immense salt lake.