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Europeclick to hear

Western extremity of the vast Eurasian continent that, by convention, is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains; it covers a relatively small area.
Europe Aegean Sea Barents Sea Lake Ladoga Iberian Peninsula Pyrenees Alps Danube River Carpathian Mountains Irish Sea English Channel Atlantic Ocean Vistula River North Sea Mediterranean Sea Strait of Gibraltar Ural Mountains Volga River Dnieper River Adriatic Sea Balkan Peninsula Black Sea Baltic Sea Scandinavian Peninsula Gulf of Bothnia Iceland Norwegian Sea Kola Peninsula

Aegean Sea click to hear

Area of the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Greece; it contains numerous islands, the largest of which is Crete.

Barents Sea click to hear

Area of the Arctic Ocean lying north of the Scandinavian Peninsula and Russia; it is partially ice-covered.

Lake Ladoga click to hear

Europe’s largest lake (6,800 mi2) is located in Russia; it empties into the Baltic Sea.

Iberian Peninsula click to hear

Peninsula comprising Spain and Portugal; it extends from the Pyrenees to the Strait of Gibraltar.

Pyrenees click to hear

Mountain range whose northern slope is in France and whose southern slope is in Spain; Pico de Aneto (11,169 feet) is its highest peak.

Alps click to hear

Largest mountain mass in Europe, extending 750 mi; Mont Blanc (15,771 feet) is its highest peak.

Danube River click to hear

Second longest river in Europe (1,770 mi); it flows into the Black Sea through a vast delta with three branches.

Carpathian Mountains click to hear

Mountain range in central Europe, lower than the Alps; its highest point is at an elevation of 8,711 feet.

Irish Sea click to hear

Section of the Atlantic that separates Great Britain from Ireland.

English Channel click to hear

Relatively shallow sea between France and England; its extreme tides cause strong currents, making navigation difficult.

Atlantic Ocean click to hear

The world’s second largest ocean; it covers 20% of the Earth’s surface.

Vistula River click to hear

Poland’s principal river (680 mi) has its source in the Carpathians and joins the Baltic Sea at the Gulf of Gdansk; it is ice-covered two to three months per year.

North Sea click to hear

Relatively shallow sea (220,000 mi2) in the North Atlantic and bordered by the coasts of Europe; some major European ports are located along its estuaries.

Mediterranean Sea click to hear

One of the world’s largest inland seas, bordered by Europe, Africa and Asia; it connects to the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar.

Strait of Gibraltar click to hear

Channel (9 mi wide) between Spain and Morocco; it connects the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and is an important shipping route.

Ural Mountains click to hear

Mountain range extending 1,500 mi from the Caspian Sea to the Arctic; it is traditionally considered the boundary between Europe and Asia.

Volga River click to hear

The longest river in Europe (2,300 mi) is ice-covered three to four months per year; its spring flood is substantial.

Dnieper River click to hear

River in Russia (1,350 mi) whose flow is slow but abundant; it is a major communications artery.

Adriatic Sea click to hear

Gulf of the Mediterranean, 520 mi long and 110 mi wide, located between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula.

Balkan Peninsula click to hear

Mountainous, easternmost peninsula of Europe whose crumbling coastline features peninsulas and scattered islands.

Black Sea click to hear

Inland sea (162,000 mi2) between Eastern Europe and Asia; it opens into the Mediterranean through two straits, the Dardanelles and the Bosporus.

Baltic Sea click to hear

Generally shallow inland sea that is low in salt content and devoid of major tides; it freezes along its coasts.

Scandinavian Peninsula click to hear

Vast Nordic peninsula that includes Norway, Sweden and part of Finland.

Gulf of Bothnia click to hear

Relatively shallow Gulf between Sweden and Finland; it is often icebound.

Iceland click to hear

Volcanic island subject to regular earthquakes; it has over 3,100 mi of coastline.

Norwegian Sea click to hear

Open sea west of Norway and east of Iceland.

Kola Peninsula click to hear

Mostly mountainous peninsula located in Russia, above the Arctic polar circle.