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caveclick to hear

Natural underground cavity that results from the slow dissolution and erosion of rock by water.
cave resurgence dry gallery stalagmite subterranean stream column gour swallow hole pothole lapiaz stalactite sinkhole waterfall gorge water table

resurgence click to hear

Where an underground watercourse reappears at the surface after disappearing further upstream.

dry gallery click to hear

Underground corridor that forms when the water table drops.

stalagmite click to hear

Crystalline rock formation caused by the evaporation of water droplets that fall on the floor of the cave.

subterranean stream click to hear

Watercourse that flows through underground cavities.

column click to hear

Crystalline rock formation that results when a stalactite meets a stalagmite.

gour click to hear

Small basins hollowed out by water.

swallow hole click to hear

Deep hole connecting the ground surface to an underground gallery; it is caused by the collapse of the cave’s vault.

pothole click to hear

Natural well connecting a sinkhole to an underground swallow hole.

lapiaz click to hear

Calcareous rock surface with crests separated by grooves that are often deep; it is shaped by the water.

stalactite click to hear

Crystalline rock formation caused by the partial evaporation of water droplets from the vault of the cave.

sinkhole click to hear

Basin formed by continuous water infiltration into calcareous rock, causing the dissolution of the rock.

waterfall click to hear

Almost vertical flow of a watercourse, caused by a sudden change in the level of its bed.

gorge click to hear

Deep narrow ravine along which a permanent or intermittent river flows.

water table click to hear

Vast expanse of underground water fed by rainwater filtering through the earth; it supplies springs and can be collected in wells.