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section of the Earth’s crustclick to hear

The Earth’s crust, continental and oceanic, is composed mainly of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rock.
section of the Earth’s crust metamorphic rocks sedimentary rocks granitic layer basaltic layer deep-sea floor sea level intrusive rocks mountain range volcano igneous rocks

metamorphic rocks click to hear

Rocks made from igneous or sedimentary rocks that have been subjected to high pressure and very high temperatures.

sedimentary rocks click to hear

Rocks formed by the accumulation, compaction and cementation of fragments of eroded rock and debris left by living organisms.

granitic layer click to hear

Layer of granite that gives the continents their essential form.

basaltic layer click to hear

Layer of basalt, a rock denser than granite, that forms the deep-sea floor and is covered with various types of debris.

deep-sea floor click to hear

Part of the Earth’s surface beneath the seas and the oceans; its topography is highly variable.

sea level click to hear

Average height of seawater observed for a given time (day, month, year); it is used as a reference point to define coastal features and measure land elevations.

intrusive rocks click to hear

Igneous rocks that have risen close to the Earth’s surface.

mountain range click to hear

A row of elevated connected landforms characterized by high summits and deep valleys.

volcano click to hear

Landform built up as lava and ash are ejected from the upper mantle during successive eruptions, accumulating and solidifying on the surface.

igneous rocks click to hear

Rock formed from molten magma that has cooled and solidified inside the Earth; also called magmatic rock.