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foundationclick to hear

Work done on-site in cement or masonry; it supports a structure’s load and transfers it to the ground, thus providing stability.
foundation baseboard molding wood flooring floor joist end joist sill plate footing drain tile gravel foundation sill insulating material brick wall wall stud subfloor sheathing

baseboard click to hear

Plank of wood protruding from the base of a wall; it covers the joint between the floor and the wall.

molding click to hear

Finishing molding attached to the baseboard where it meets the floor; its cross-section is a quarter circle.

wood flooring click to hear

A room’s decorative floor covering made of wooden squares or strips of wood.

floor joist click to hear

Level member resting on a ledger and a sill plate and intended to support the floor.

end joist click to hear

Member perpendicular and attached to the floor joists at their ends to form the exterior framework.

sill plate click to hear

Member anchored to the top of the foundation wall; the floor joists and the end joists rest on it.

footing click to hear

Spread-footing section supporting the foundation wall; it is usually made of cement.

drain tile click to hear

Perforated pipe draining water from the soil; it also protects the foundation from frost and pressure caused by wet soil.

gravel click to hear

Bed of small stones absorbing smaller particles found in water to prevent them from blocking the drain; it also keeps the drain in place.

foundation click to hear

Part of the wall located below ground level and wider than the wall itself, which it supports; it is usually made of cement.

sill click to hear

Level member to which the bottom ends of the studs are attached.

insulating material click to hear

Material impeding heat loss to the outdoors or the cold from entering.

brick wall click to hear

Exterior facing of a frame usually composed of blocks made from baked clay.

wall stud click to hear

Vertical member used in walls to support the double plate; the facing is attached to it.

subfloor click to hear

Planks or plywood laid on floor joists; the floor covering is in turn laid on it.

sheathing click to hear

Wall covering attached directly to the frame serving as a base or support upon which to nail other facings.