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structure of a long boneclick to hear

Long bone: elongated bone consisting of a body (diaphysis) and two terminal parts (epiphyses), such as the leg and arm bones (femur, radius, phalanges and others).
structure of a long bone medullary cavity Haversian canal periosteum Volkmann’s canals osteon concentric lamellae articular cartilage spongy bone blood vessel compact bone bone marrow

medullary cavity click to hear

Cylindrical central cavity of the bone containing the bone marrow; this canal encloses lipid-rich yellow bone marrow.

Haversian canal click to hear

Lengthwise central canal of the osteon enclosing blood vessels and nerves.

periosteum click to hear

Fibrous membrane rich in blood vessels that envelopes the bone, except at the articular surfaces; it contributes especially to the bone’s growth in thickness.

Volkmann’s canals click to hear

Transverse canals of the compact bone enclosing blood vessels and nerves; they connect the Haversian canals with each other and with the medullary cavity and the periosteum.

osteon click to hear

Elementary cylindrical structure of the compact bone made up of four to 20 concentric bone plates that surround the Haversian canal.

concentric lamellae click to hear

Bony layers of osteon made of collagen fibers; they are arranged concentrically around the Haversian canal and form as the bones grow.

articular cartilage click to hear

Smooth resistant elastic tissue covering the terminal part of the bone where it articulates with another bone; it facilitates movement and absorbs shocks.

spongy bone click to hear

Tissue made of bony compartments separated by cavities filled with bone marrow, blood vessels and nerves; this structure gives bones their lightness.

blood vessel click to hear

Channel in the bone through which the blood circulates, carrying the nutrients and mineral salts the bone requires.

compact bone click to hear

Dense bone tissue composed of osteons, which resist pressure and shocks and protect the spongy tissue; it forms especially the diaphysis of the long bones.

bone marrow click to hear

Soft substance contained in bone cavities, producing blood cells; marrow is red in children, yellow in the long bones of adults.