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vision defects [3]click to hear

Images do not form on the retina, thus resulting in blurry vision; such defects are corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses or even surgery.
vision defects [3] astigmatism focus toric lens

astigmatism click to hear

Usually caused by a curvature of the cornea, it is manifested by blurred vision when viewing both near and far objects, depending on various axes.

focus click to hear

Point where light rays converge to form an image; the brain interprets the retina’s upside-down image as right-side-up.

toric lens click to hear

Has various powers depending on the rays’ axes of convergence; it is used to offset the visual distortion caused by the cornea.