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SPORTS & GAMES
Area on which the match takes place; it is 46 ft long and between 5 and 6.5 ft wide.
Each of the officials who assist the president; they stand beside the piste and especially check the validity of the hits.
Official who registers the fencers’ hits and penalties.
Official who enforces the rules and is especially in charge of conducting the match and controlling the scoring apparatus.
Device that keeps the body wire under constant tension by following the forward and backward movements of the fencer.
Official who monitors the duration of the match; a single match is made up of three manches (sets) of three minutes, with a one-minute break between each manche.
Light that switches on to signal valid hits (red and green lights) and nonvalid hits (white lights).
foil warning line
Line 3.2 ft from the rear limit line warning the foilist that the end of the piste is near.
rear limit line
Line 23 ft from the center line that indicates that the fencer is outside the piste; when a fencer passes this line, a hit is awarded to the opponent.
Its end contains an electric button that senses hits; a hit is registered only when the pressure on the tip of the blade is greater than 1.1 lb (maximum weight of the foil).
electrical scoring apparatus
Electrical apparatus for registering the fencers’ hits by means of a body wire.
Insulated electric wire that runs through the fencer’s equipment and connects the weapon to the electrical scoring apparatus by means of the reel.
on guard line
Line 6.5 ft from the center line; the fencer must stay behind it to start and when resuming combat after a valid hit.
Line that divides the piste into two equal parts, one for each fencer.
saber and épée warning line
Line 6.5 ft from the rear limit line to warn the épéeist and the sabreur that they are near the end of the piste.
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