Surface for practicing karate; bouts last a maximum of three minutes.
Athlete who practices karate; some, but not all, organizations classify karatekas by weight.
Group of upper-level officials who especially supervise the bout as it unfolds and check that the referee and the judges perform their duties correctly.
Official who monitors the duration of the bout.
Official who tracks the karatekas’ points and penalties.
One of the four officials who assist the referee, give their opinions especially about the referee’s decisions and judge the actions of the karatekas.
Official who enforces the rules, directs the bout on the mat, awards the points and gives out warnings and penalties.
Mat with an area of 26 ft2 on which the bout takes place; it is surrounded by a safety surface.
Mark designating the karatekas’ position at the start of the bout and after any interruption.
Mark designating the regulation position of the referee during the bout.