Surface for practicing kung fu; it varies depending on the type of competition (e.g., wooden floor, carpet, elevated ring).
Official who enforces the rules and directs the bout on the mat; the final decision rests with this individual in case of disagreement with the corner judges.
Physicians tend to the contestants in the event of injury; their presence is mandatory and they may end a bout in the event of serious injury.
One of four people in charge of the bout as it takes place (such as scorer and timekeeper).
Board that displays various data about the contest taking place (such as points, time and contestants’ categories).
One of four officials who evaluate performance and award points to the contestants; the referee may consult them in case of ambiguity.
One of two athletes who confront each other in a bout; contestants are usually classified into weight categories.