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SPORTS & GAMES
COMPETITION RING 
competition ring 
Closed terrain marked with 12 to 15 obstacles that the horse and rider must clear in a set order while committing the fewest faults possible.
Obstacle composed of a set of usually wooden, stacking blocks; the top of the wall is rounded to prevent the horses from being hurt.
Doctors who treat animals; they examine the horses before the competition and may intervene in the event of injury.
Set of two or more obstacles that are grouped together and count as a single obstacle; each of its obstacles must be cleared separately.
post and plank
Obstacle composed of wide movable boards (planks) that are laid one on top of another; planks are less stable than bars.
post and plank
Person in charge of righting the upset obstacles.
Jump judges (usually four) who calculate the competitors’ penalties based on the course and the marking system chosen.
Official in charge of enforcing the rules and of the layout of the course; during the competition, the steward also controls who enters and exits the track.
first aid team
Medical staff who are ready to act in the event of injury to a rider.
Obstacle composed of two single components that are very close together; the horse must clear it in a single jump.
Two-part obstacle composed of movable parallel bars; there are two designs, one of identical heights (square oxer) and one of different heights (jumping oxer).
Obstacle made up of a water-filled ditch with a hedge in front; the horse commits a fault if it touches the water or the lath marking the end of the river.
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