Four to six skaters who race against one another; the skater who finishes with the fastest time wins the race.
Official who gives the start signal and indicates false starts; a competitor is disqualified for making two consecutive false starts.
Padding that covers the boards to cushion the impact when a skater falls.
Individuals who train the skaters; they devise strategy and give instructions to the skaters throughout the race.
Officials who determine the order in which the skaters finish.
Each of the markers bordering the track; it is made of rubber or plastic and is not affixed to the ice to avoid damaging it.
Oval 120 yd long on a standard rink; unlike the long track, there are no reserved lanes.
Official who is responsible for applying the rules; in particular, the chief referee is authorized to disqualify a competitor who commits a fault.