Combustion engine whose cycle (intake, compression, combustion, exhaust) requires two up-and-down movements of the piston.
Phase during which the exhaust valve opens and the piston moves back up to expel the burned gases.
Mixture of gases (carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and unburned hydrocarbons) filling the combustion chamber after the explosion.
Part that opens to allow the burned gases to escape.
Metal moving part in the cylinder and attached to the connecting rod; it compresses the air/fuel mixture, then receives the thrust from the burned gases.
Phase during which the expansion of the combustion gases pushes the piston downward, driving the rotation of the crankshaft.
Ignition of the air/fuel mixture produces a major energy release that pushes the piston downward.
Phase during which the exhaust valve opens and the piston comes down and draws the air/fuel mixture into the combustion chamber.
Chamber closed by two valves; in it, the piston moves and the air/fuel mixture is burned.
Mixture prepared in the carburetor, containing an amount of fuel proportional to the amount of air entering.
Part that opens to let the air/fuel mixture into the cylinder.
Phase during which the piston goes up to compress the air/fuel mixture. At the height of the compression, the spark plug produces a spark.
Spark produced when an electric current arcs between the two electrodes of a spark plug and ignites the air/fuel mixture.
Shaft consisting of a series of cranks, which convert the alternate rectilinear motion of the piston/connecting rod assembly into a continuous circular motion.
Articulated shank powered by the gas explosion; it transmits the thrust from the piston to the crankshaft.